Visa-Free Travel to 187 Countries
No Citizenship-based Taxation
Dual Citizenship Accepted
No Residency Requirement
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Our Citizenship by Descent Programmes

The Irish Citizenship-by-Descent programme offers multiple ways of gaining Irish Citizenship. Simply gather the relevant documentation, proving you were born in Ireland before 1st January 2005, or have an ancestor who was an Irish citizen at the time of your birth.

What Can I Expect from Irish Citizenship-by-Descent

Often referred to as the Emerald Isle, Ireland boasts vibrant cities, stunning
bays, and sheer cliffs, so whether you’re seeking the hustle and bustle of
traditional music in a cosy pub or have the desire to wander the beautiful
coastline, this could be the ideal country to seek citizenship through ancestry.

Ireland is rich in culture, ranked the third most peaceful country in the world
according to the Global Peace Index, and is welcoming of foreign nationals.
With Irish citizenship by heritage, the limitations of being a non-citizen will be
lifted, allowing you to buy property, reside in Ireland or the UK, and apply freely for
work and travel as you desire.

  • Freedom of movement throughout the European Union (EU) + the UK,
    and the ability to live and work anywhere in the EU plus the UK - without
  • Access to high-quality, free education.
  • Ireland does not practice citizenship-based taxation, so you will not be
    taxed on Irish income unless you are physically present and working in
  • Once Irish Citizenship-by-Descent is obtained, it can be extended to
    include children and future generations.
  • A safe, culture-rich country makes it a very desirable place to live.
Capital city: Dublin
Languages: English, Irish (Gaelic)
Visa free countries: 187
Currency: EUR €
Total area: 84,421 km²
Population: 4.995 million (2020)
Nearest country: Northern Ireland
Time zone: Irish Standard Time (GMT+1)
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Irish Citizenship-by-Descent Requirements

To obtain Irish Citizenship-by-Descent, you aren’t required to donate, make an investment, or take a citizenship test. All that’s required is proof via documentation to support your claim. To be eligible, you need to meet the following requirements:


If you were born on the island of Ireland on or prior to December 31, 2004, you are entitled to Irish Citizenship.


If you were born after January 1, 2005, at least one of your parents must be an Irish citizen, British citizen or a foreign national legally residing in Ireland for at least three out of four years before your birth.


You must be the child of someone born on the island of Ireland prior to 2005.


You are the grandchild of an Irish-born citizen who was an Irish citizen at the time of your parent’s birth.


You are the great-grandchild of an Irish-born citizen, and your grandparent registered your parent’s birth in the Foreign Births Register before you were born.

Frequently Asked Questions

How to Apply for Irish Citizenship-by-Descent

If you weren’t born in Ireland before the 1st of January 2005, you’ll need to gather the relevant documentation to support your application. These can be acquired from the Foreign Births Register, which allows descendants of the Irish diaspora to claim Irish Citizenship–by-Descent. As long as each new generation registers the birth before the next is born, citizenship can be passed from parent to child in an unbroken chain.

As long as applicants have all the relevant documentation to support their claim, they will be able to apply for Irish Citizenship–by-Descent.

How Long Does Irish Citizenship Through Descent Applications Take?

Applications must be made to the Foreign Births Register, which currently has a processing time of approximately two years.

Does Ireland Offer Dual Citizenship?

Yes, you can hold dual or multiple citizenships as an Irish citizen. This means that you do not have to give up your original citizenship status to qualify for Irish citizenship through ancestry.


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