minimum requirement


citizenship programmes


successful applicants

Citizenship by Investment (CBI) offers a unique opportunity to obtain a second passport and dual citizenship. With CBI, you can invest in a secure, stable country and, then, fast-track your path to citizenship.

Enjoy benefits like visa-free travel and a higher standard of living. Invest in CBI today and secure a better future for you and your family.

Citizenship-by-Investment Programmes

Flag of Antigua and Barbuda Antigua and Barbuda


Offers visa-free travel to over 150 countries and jurisdictions, notably including the European Schengen Area, the UK, Hong Kong, and Singapore.

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Flag of Dominica Dominica


Citizens of Dominica can travel to 153 countries without requiring a visa, including the European Schengen Area and China. Welcome to a world of new travel opportunities.

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Flag of Grenada Grenada


Offers visa-free travel to 155 countries and jurisdictions, with noteworthy destinations including the European Schengen Area, UK, China, Hong Kong, and Singapore. Additionally, it provides US E2 Visa access after living in the country for three years.

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Flag of Malta Malta


Offers visa-free travel to 175 countries and jurisdictions, including the EU and UK. This is the world's number one Citizenship by Investment.

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Flag of St Kitts and Nevis St Kitts and Nevis


Enhances visa-free access. St Kitts and Nevis oversees the world's oldest CBI programme, established in 1984.

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Flag of St Lucia St Lucia


Offers visa-free travel to 154 countries and jurisdictions, including the European Schengen Area, Hong Kong, and Singapore.

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Flag of Türkiye Türkiye


Offers visa-free travel to 118 countries and jurisdictions, including Hong Kong, Malaysia, and Singapore.

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Flag of Vanuatu Vanuatu


Offers visa-free travel to 113 countries and jurisdictions.

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Speak to a global expert

The Latitude team has global experts in over 20 countries. We can advise in 14 languages. Let us help you find the perfect investment migration solution.

The Latitude team has global experts in over 20 countries. We can advise in 14 languages. Let us help you find the perfect investment migration solution.

Advantages of Second Citizenship

Enjoy greater safety and security

A second passport is the ultimate contingency plan to mitigate the risk of political or economic turbulence in one’s home country. Having a second home means you can escape to a safe destination along with your family and wealth, ensuring your well-being.

Latitude arrowBenefit from higher education and employment opportunities

Having a second passport means greater opportunities for top-tier education and employment opportunities in better schools and companies throughout the world. These were previously inaccessible to you through your original citizenship.

Enhance your global mobility

With a second passport in hand, you widen the possibilities of international travel. That's because a second passport with a strong list of visa-free destinations makes travel easier.

Latitude arrowExperience an elevated standard of living

A second passport opens more doors to healthcare services, luxury living locations, and regions with a higher quality of life. Live your best life thanks to Latitude.

An Introduction to Citizenship by Investment

The concept of citizenship has been around for millennia, as ancient Greek states like Athens pioneered the idea of giving individuals citizenship. Citizens in Athens had the right to own property, run for political office, vote on administrative affairs, and, also, fully contribute to the economy.

Citizens now have full rights within their country, but their status comes with responsibilities such as avoiding any criminal conduct, contributing to the economy, and, what’s more, respecting the rights of other citizens.

Many consider getting a second citizenship a complex process because most of the routes to becoming a dual citizen are quite long or demand extremely specific requirements. Here are the main routes to acquiring a second citizenship:

  • Naturalisation is the most common, and longest, route to obtaining a second citizenship. This occurs when a person spends a specific amount of years as a resident of a nation until they can apply to become a citizen under the host country’s laws.
  • Citizenship by Marriage is another way to acquire another nationality. In most countries, if you marry a citizen of that nation then you are eligible to apply for citizenship. You can do this directly or after obtaining a residence permit and then becoming a citizen through naturalisation.
  • Citizenship by Descent is a fairly simple, but extremely exclusive, route. Countries such as Austria, Ireland, Italy, Poland, and Portugal offer people with ancestors who were citizens of their nation the chance to apply for citizenship. However, proving ancestry can be a complex process depending on the documentation required, and it is very specific to a small portion of the world’s population.
  • Exceptional Citizenship is an extremely rare occurrence. It is usually granted to high-profile people like Tom Hanks. The famous actor obtained Greek Exceptional Citizenship for his charity work in the country.
  • Citizenship by Investment is the simplest option. Many countries offer investors the chance to obtain citizenship through investing in a nation’s economy. It is the fast track to a new nationality.

The idea of Citizenship by Investment also stems from ancient times, and the Roman Republic was the first nation to develop it into a route to citizenship. Those who contributed to the Roman economy under specific requirements were granted citizenship and all the rights that came with it, and the concept still holds true today.

Many countries now host what is referred to as Citizenship-by-Investment programmes, which are routes to obtaining a citizenship certificate and passport of a nation through contributing to the economy. The idea is that if a person contributes to a country’s economy, then they have fulfilled part of their duty as a citizen and hence should be considered one. Their other responsibilities are avoiding criminal activities and, also, respecting the laws and the rights of other citizens.

Citizenship by Investment is extremely beneficial to the countries granting citizenship, as it provides their governments with significant sums of unencumbered foreign direct investment funds to help develop the nation.

The Commonwealth of Dominica, for example, used funds generated through its Citizenshipby-Investment Programme to create affordable housing for its residents. The programme also funds the development of the country’s international airport. This a project that will positively affect residents’ lifestyles and the nation’s economy as well.

Citizenshipby-Investment programmes differ from one country to the next, but the most common types of investment usually fall into five main categories, which are:

1. Donations or contributions

Many countries grant citizenship to those who donate a minimum amount to a country’s economy. The donation option is usually the simplest and most affordable route to obtain citizenship, as, in some countries, the required amount starts at as low as US $100,000. However, donations, by their definition, mean that investors do not get their money back.

Donations are usually made to government-run funds, which the government uses to develop the country. In some cases, a government may create an ad hoc fund to combat economic crisis or natural disasters, such as the St Kitts and Nevis Hurricane Relief Fund, which was a temporary route to citizenship that required a lesser donation than the then Sustainable Growth Fund due to the country having to quickly rebuild after a devastating hurricane season.

2. Real-estate investments

Investing in real estate is one of the most popular routes to obtaining Citizenship by Investment. Most countries have a real estate option, and many of them allow investors to choose between either purchasing actual property or buying shares in luxury resorts to obtain citizenship.

Real-estate investments are cost-effective in the long run, as investors can resell their properties after a specific holding period set by the government. Investors can even profit from the property during the holding period by either renting it out or receiving dividends. The real-estate option is also attractive for larger families.

3. Government bonds/securities

A couple of countries give investors the option to buy government bonds or securities to obtain citizenship. Government bonds are considered a safer option but do not yield much profit.

Private securities, on the other hand, are higher risk but can achieve a higher return on investment.

4. Hybrid investments

This option is unique to Malta’s CitizenshipbyInvestment Programme and requires applicants to invest in more than just one route. Applicants will need to invest in real estate as well as donate to the government.

5. Establishing a business/job creation

A few countries offer applicants the choice to apply for citizenship through establishing a business. Some countries require applicants to invest a specific amount of capital in their business, while others grant citizenship based on the number of jobs a certain business has created and maintained for a set amount of years.

Many countries around the world offer their own version of a citizenshipby-investment programme. A number of nations have a route to economic citizenship. The premise remains the same, but the requirements and processing of the programmes differ from one country to the next.

However, generally, anyone who wants to apply for citizenship by investment must:

  • Have a clean criminal background
  • Provide a source of funds for their investment
  • Submit a full application
  • Make a qualified investment
  • Be at least 18 years of age.

Malta and Antigua and Barbuda are unique in having a physical residency requirement. No other citizenshipby-investment nation requires applicants to reside or visit the country to obtain citizenship.

Other Services

Government Advisory

At Latitude, we have extensive experience in the fields of residency and citizenship. We help governments to set up and optimize investment migration programmes. These are also known as golden visa programmes. We are industry leaders. Additionally, we excel in country branding and strategic marketing communications.

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Residency by Investment

Latitude provides expert guidance on residency investment programmes in the world's premier destinations. After all, we're the leading authority on social mobility and citizenship opportunities. Delve into the specifics of the most trustworthy and, also, successful residency programmes. Switch residency to a favourable country or, even, increase your number of residencies. This is an ever-vital aspect of global planning for individual clients.

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Citizenship by Descent

Citizenship by descent allows you to get a new passport through family ties to a country. We help you uncover treasure hidden within your family tree. It could be through your parents, grandparents, or even further generations back. The specific rules for eligibility vary by country. To qualify for citizenship by descent, you must be able to prove your link to a qualifying ancestor.

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